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Murder
#1
Ave Civitas,

What would be the punishment for a Roman citizen guilty of murder of a another Roman citizen in the late 4th, early 5th century AD?
AKA Tom Chelmowski
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#2
(10-29-2016, 04:57 PM)Lothia Wrote: Ave Civitas,

What would be the punishment for a Roman citizen guilty of murder of a another Roman citizen in the late 4th, early 5th century AD?

Theodosian Code 9.10.1 (AD317) gives capital punishment for all crimes of 'manifest violence', including assault and homicide. So even attempted murder could be punished by death, if the intention was proven. It notes that this punishment held even in cases where the criminal was previously banished to an island (ie for high status individuals, I'd guess).

The exact nature of the punishment is not specified. Presumably beheading (or being 'struck down with a sword', as another law about killing public officials has it). Burning was apparently reserved mainly for crimes of treason and sorcery, and crucifixion was obviously out by then!
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#3
Thanks a lot. Appreciate your help.
AKA Tom Chelmowski
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