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References to late Roman army???
Vegetius 2.2 and Jerome's language isn't similar. Jerome probably read the source and was writing in his own words, while Vegetius excerpted it and augmented/interpreted it.
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(10-22-2017, 05:23 PM)Nathan Ross Wrote: J and V were roughly contemporary, probably both were drawing from similar sources, and both discussing the situation in the past rather than their own day.

 Or Vegetius wrote a century later Wink
But even isidore of Seville still writes (early 7th century) that a legion consists of 6.000 men (IX.3.46).
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(10-24-2017, 10:51 AM)Robert Vermaat Wrote: Or Vegetius wrote a century later Wink

Were they not around at about the same time? I thought Jerome's dates were supposedly AD347-420, and Vegetius (debatably!) was probably writing c.AD400? Or am I thinking of somebody else?

But anyway, yes, the 6000-man legion thing turns up several times. As Michael says, it could have been a rough calculation by number of cohorts, or it could have been taken from any one of several earlier sources (Festus, I think, gives 6200), so it's hard to pin the figure to any particular era.
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Could we gain more information on the Roman army by studying the Arabian foederati?:

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 The Forty martyrs of the Sinai Desert and the story of Eulogios : from a Palestinian Syriac and Arabic palimpsest / transcribed by Agnes Smith Lewis..

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=h...1up;seq=13

Timeframe of emperor Valens.

(p.29) And the Saracens and the Phranites also who were to be found there came up and prepared to make war with the Blemmyes, for the sake of their women and their children. And they were assembled to the number of two hundred men, beside the women and their children upon the mountain which is above the palm-trees, where there are fountains of water.

(p.42) And while they were doing these things, men came from Pharan, valient chosen men, six hundred in number, and the Barbarians were mourning because of their country.

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These numbers remind me of the Hunnic foederati of Synesius.

See also, from page 297 of BYZANTIUM AND THE ARABS IN THE FOURTH CENTURY

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Le Livre du synaxaire le 8 tahschasch

9. Fragment propre du Martyre dÁbba Paesi et de sa soeur Thecle

Timeframe: Diocletian

Dans ce palais demeuraient cent soldats.

In this palace remained a hundred soldiers.

https://archive.org/stream/patrologiaori...0/mode/2up
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